The Full Guard
In MMA one place that you do not want to end up most of the time is on your back. This leaves you open to attack, drains your energy if the opponent knows what he is doing, and is overall considered a disadvantageous position. However locking the opponent in a full guard position leaves one with many ways to attack the opponent and turn the tides in the fight. This could be in the form of a quick submission or a sweep to gain a more sought after position in the fight.
The full guard is a very common position to end up in when in a grappling situation. If the opponent tries to perform a takedown this position is a common place to end up in. Also many fighters when on bottom will try to get the opponent in a full guard from the beginning since it is easy to catch the opponent in. However the full guard probably leaves you in the most controlling position one can be in while on your back.
A correct full guard can lock the opponent in place and keep the person on bottom relatively safe. This consists of wrapping the legs firmly around the opponents trunk when you are on your back and the opponent is laying on top of you; crossing the legs behind their back for added support to the hold. Also the opponent’s head should be pulled down into your chest to prevent the opponent from posturing up.
Submissions from Full Guard
One submission that can be done from a full guard is the triangle choke. This is especially useful in MMA fighting because when in a full guard in MMA most opponents will try and use strikes which lets you isolate an arm. Also a well executed triangle choke from a full guard is a strong move which can overwhelm an opponent’s defense.
Another submission that is very effective from the full guard is the armbar. To perform this submission you need to break your opponents posture and control his position well so it denies him options from the start. Also by keeping everything in tight while performing an armbar from the full guard is a great way to catch a slippery and sweaty opponent in a technically sound armbar.
Sweeps from Full Guard
Another good option from a full guard position is a sweep. A sweep takes your disadvantageous position and turns it into an advantageous one in one move. One good sweep is a guillotine sweep because it is done when the opponent postures up in your full guard like he is supposed to. By releasing the feet around your opponents trunk and pressing into your opponent with your shoulder and putting an arm around the opponents head for a guillotine. This can then either be finished with a guillotine or used as a sweep to get on top of the opponent.
There are many many sweeps that can be done from this position that all have something to do wth reading the opponent’s moves. One more advanced sweep, although very technical and would take much practice, is called a hook sweep and could be very useful if it could be performed successfully.